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Preparation of Eutectic KNO3-NaNO3-mannitol Propellant

 

 

Summary: my usual method of eutectic KNO3-NaNO3-mannitol 35-30-35 propellant preparation is described.

 

Starting materials:

KNO3:and NaNO3 reagent grade "pure for analysis". Moisture content 0.1-0.2%. They were not milled, crystals' size is about 0.5 mm.

Mannitol: pharmaceutical grade. Moisture content <0.1%.Crystals' size is about 0.5-1 mm.

 

Melting

50 g batch of thoroughly mixed unmilled KNO3-NaNO3-mannitol propellant mixture was placed in glass beaker and heated with temperature controlled heat plate. Temperature was measured with thermometer at the bottom of the beaker.

 

0 min, temperature 22C. The thickness of propellant layer is 4.5 cm

 

20 min, 150C, mannitol starts to melt. After this point magnetic stirrer was turned on.

 

25 min, 160C

 

30 min, 167C

 

35 min, 173C

 

40 min, 175C. It is clearly seen on the video, that liquid is intensively stirred, so its temperature is uniform. But significant part of nitrates is not solved yet at 175C.

 

45 min, 185C. complete dissolution of nitrates is achieved

 

 

 

 

 

16.12.2011 Serge77